India successfully launches chandrayaan-2. Eight things to know about this mission
Image credit: ISRO
India has launched it's second moon mission from Sriharikota Space Center on 22 july. The mission was postponed last week after a leak in the cryogenic engine of the rocket was detected. Eight important things you should know about this mission are given below.
* Chandrayaan-2 is 3.9 tonne spacecraft which consist of a lander and rover, and is loaded with 14 scientific instruments-13 Indian and one from NASA.
* The orbitor will fly over the moons poles for an year.
* The lander, named Vikram would touch down on 7 September. Then a six-wheeled rover called Pragyan will be released that will explore for a distance of up to 500 metres.
* The 13 Indian instruments on orbiter, lander and Rover include high-resolution cameras; X-ray, infrared and mass spectrometers; and radars which together will study lunar rocks, soils and the atmosphere. They will also searching for water and various minerals.
* The NASA instrument on the Rover is an array of mirrors that will help to calculate the distance to the Moon.
* This is the first mission to land and probe the polar region of moon. The poles are supposed to contain vast amounts of resources like water, oxygen, hydrogen etc.
* The mission costs USD 141 million. * According to ISRO, this mission aim at a paradigm shift in how lunar expeditions are approached in the coming years.